初中英语知识点测试

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初中英语知识点测试,今天这篇是有关于居里夫人的一篇文章

Marie Curie was one of the most accomplished scientists in history. Together with her husband, Pierre, she discovered radium, an element widely used for treating cancer, and studied uranium and other radioactive substances. Pierre and Marie’s amicable collaboration later helped to unlock the secrets of the atom.

Marie was born in 1867 in Warsaw, Poland, where her father was a professor of physics. At an early age, she displayed a brilliant mind and a blithe personality. Her great exuberance for learning prompted her to continue with her studies after high school. She became disgruntled, however, when she learned that the university in Warsaw was closed to women. Determined to receive a higher education, she defiantly left Poland and in 1891 entered the Sorbonne, a French university, where she earned her master’s degree and doctorate in physics.

Marie was fortunate to have studied at the Sorbonne with some of the greatest scientists of her day, one of whom was Pierre Curie. Marie and Pierre were married in 1895 and spent many productive years working together in the physics laboratory. A short time after they discovered radium, Pierre was killed by a horse-drawn wagon in 1906. Marie was stunned by this horrible misfortune and endured heartbreaking anguish. Despondently she recalled their close relationship and the joy that they had shared in scientific research. The fact that she had two young daughters to raise by herself greatly increased her distress.

Curie’s feeling of desolation finally began to fade when she was asked to succeed her husband as a physics professor at the Sorbonne. She was the first woman to be given a professorship at the world-famous university. In 1911 she received the Nobel Prize in chemistry for isolating radium. Although Marie Curie eventually suffered a fatal illness from her long exposure to radium, she never became disillusioned about her work. Regardless of the consequences, she had dedicated herself to science and to revealing the mysteries of the physical world.

1. The Curies’ _________ collaboration helped to unlock the secrets of the atom.

friendly

competitive

courteous

industrious

chemistry

2. Marie had a bright mind and a ______ personality.

strong

lighthearted

humorous

strange

envious

3. When she learned that she could not attend the university in Warsaw, she felt _________.

hopeless

annoyed

depressed

worried

None of the above

4. Marie _________ by leaving Poland and traveling to France to enter the Sorbonne.

challenged authority

showed intelligence

behaved

was distressed

Answer not available

5. _________ she remembered their joy together.

Dejectedly

Worried

Tearfully

Happily

Irefully

6. Her _________ began to fade when she returned to the Sorbonne to succeed her husband.

misfortune

anger

wretchedness

disappointment

ambition

7. Even though she became fatally ill from working with radium, Marie Curie was never _________.

troubled

worried

disappointed

sorrowful

disturbed

初中英语知识点测试

1. A

“友好”意味着友好。它并不意味着竞争(B),即对立,雄心勃勃或具有攻击性; 礼貌(C),即礼貌; 勤劳(D),即勤奋; 或化学(E):他们的合作是在物理学,但此外,该段特别描述他们的合作是“友好的”。

2. B

“Blithe”意味着轻松愉快。它并不意味着强烈(A),幽默(B)或有趣; 奇怪的(D),或羡慕的(E)。

3. B

“心怀不满”意味着生气。它并不意味着绝望(A),抑郁(C)或担心(D)。

4. A

玛丽通过前往索邦大学的学习来挑战权威,因为华沙的大学不承认女性。这段经文通过描述她“蔑视”离开波兰前往法国来表明这一挑战; 也就是说,她在藐视权威。该段落并未表明她表现出情报(B),“表现”(C),或者被她的举动困扰(D)或不安。

5. A

“沮丧地”的同义词是“令人沮丧的”,意思是悲伤,绝望或抑郁。这段话通过将居里的情绪状态描述为对丈夫突然意外死亡的“令人心碎的痛苦”来表明这一点。在这段经文中,她并没有被她的记忆所困扰(B),或者泪流满面(C),幸福地(D)或者怀念地(E),即生气地回忆起它们。

6. C.

这段经文中描述的“荒凉之感”(绝望)最接近的同义词是悲惨的。不幸(A)或不幸的命运/运气并不是那么接近。愤怒(B)与荒凉是一种独立的情感。失望(D)也与荒凉不同,意思是感到失望而不是无望。野心(E)是成功或完成事物的动力。当居民返回索邦大学时,居住的野心并没有消失,而是她的抑郁症。

7. C.

“幻想破灭”意味着失望。它并不意味着困扰(A),即关注或扰乱; 担心(B)或焦虑; 悲伤(D)或悲伤; 或不安(E)。

 

初中英语知识点测试不知道你答对几题呢?

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