青少年心理咨询_什么是青少年心理学?

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所属分类:儿童心理学

青少年心理咨询_什么是青少年心理学?

What is Adolescent Psychology?

The essential purpose of adolescent psychology is to encourage understanding of developmental issues,sociocultural impacts,and biological influences that cause poor mental health in adolescents.With this increased knowledge,adolescent psychologists can then go about devising strategies for improving the welfare and functioning of pre-teen and teenage children as it pertains to everyday life,education,and interaction with peers and family.

什么是青少年心理学?

青少年心理学的基本目的是鼓励人们理解导致青少年心理健康不良的发展问题、社会文化影响和生物学影响。有了这些知识的增长,青少年心理学家就可以着手设计策略来改善学龄前儿童和青少年儿童的福利和功能,因为这涉及到日常生活、教育以及与同龄人和家庭的互动。

Adolescent psychology is an area in which clinical or counseling psychologists can choose to specialize.Typically,adolescent psychologists deliver psychological services to children between the ages of 12 and 18,however,this is not always the case.Some adolescent psychologists will treat younger children,and likewise treat young adults.

青少年心理咨询_什么是青少年心理学?

青少年心理学是临床或咨询心理学家可以选择专攻的领域。通常,青少年心理学家为12到18岁的儿童提供心理服务,然而,情况并非总是如此。一些青少年心理学家会治疗年幼的孩子,同样也会治疗年轻的成年人。

Treating adolescents requires a great deal of understanding of human development,as well as a good grasp of social and cultural influences that impact an adolescent’s behavior.Understanding family influences and an adolescent’s role in his or her specific family is additionally required.

治疗青少年需要对人类发展有大量的了解,同时也需要对影响青少年行为的社会和文化影响有良好的把握。此外,还需要了解家庭影响和青少年在其特定家庭中的作用。

Usually,adolescent psychologists focus on problems that are common to the developmental period.Many psychologists will identify and treat emotional or social issues,biological vulnerabilities,cognitive deficits,and stress related to developmental changes of adolescence.

通常,青少年心理学家关注的问题,是共同的发展时期。许多心理学家将识别和治疗与青春期发育变化相关的情感或社会问题、生理弱点、认知缺陷和压力。

Adolescent psychologists will also treat significant mental health issues,including psychoses,neuroses,and personality disorders.Some adolescent psychologists will work exclusively with a particular population,such as special education students,children with autism,or adolescents that have been abused or neglected in some way.

青少年心理学家还将治疗重要的心理健康问题,包括精神病、神经症和人格障碍。一些青少年心理学家将专门研究特定人群,如特殊教育学生、自闭症儿童、或在某种程度上受到虐待或忽视的青少年。

What Does an Adolescent Psychologist Do?

The duties associated with working as an adolescent psychologist will vary depending upon employment setting and level of education.

青少年心理学家是做什么的?

作为一名青少年心理学家的工作职责将根据就业环境和教育水平而有所不同。

In order to treat adolescents,psychologists in this area of specialization will often have expertise in administering and interpreting assessments.Development of intervention strategies(i.e.behavior management)and prevention programs(i.e.bullying prevention)are also common tasks taken on by adolescent psychologists.

为了治疗青少年,这一专门领域的心理学家往往具有管理和解释评估的专门知识。干预策略(即行为管理)和预防计划(即欺凌预防)的制定也是青少年心理学家所承担的常见任务。

Because of the multifaceted nature of many problems during the teenage years,adolescent psychology typically involves consultation and collaboration with other professionals who work with adolescents,specifically pediatricians and other healthcare providers,juvenile probation officers,and public and private school officials.

由于青少年时期的许多问题具有多方面的性质,青少年心理学通常涉及与与青少年打交道的其他专业人员的咨询和合作,特别是儿科医生和其他卫生保健提供者、青少年感化官、公立和私立学校官员。

Adolescent psychologists can work for school systems to provide assessment and treatment services for children with special needs.In this setting,psychologists might work one-on-one with special education students to improve control of emotions,facilitate social skills growth,or treat common childhood disorders like depression,ADHD,and autism.School-based adolescent psychologists may also work with social workers,teachers,and other school personnel to develop intervention and prevention programs that aim to improve the social,emotional,or physical health of students.

青少年心理学家可以为学校系统工作,为有特殊需要的儿童提供评估和治疗服务。在这种情况下,心理学家可能会与特殊教育学生一对一地合作,以改善情绪控制,促进社交技能的发展,或治疗常见的儿童疾病,如抑郁症、多动症和自闭症。以学校为基础的青少年心理学家还可以与社会工作者、教师和其他学校工作人员合作,制定干预和预防计划,旨在改善学生的社会、情感或身体健康。

Many adolescent psychologists work for state or private institutions,such as group homes,juvenile detention centers,or treatment facilities.There might be a focus on behavior modification and management for psychologists working in these settings.

许多青少年心理学家为国家或私人机构工作,如集体家庭、青少年拘留中心或治疗设施。对于在这些环境中工作的心理学家来说,可能会关注行为矫正和管理。

青少年心理咨询_什么是青少年心理学?

Adolescents that have a history drug or alcohol abuse,anger issues,eating disorders,or criminal records tend to be the bulk of the clientele in institutional settings.Therefore,adolescent psychologists in these environments may have further training and specializations in treating addictions,criminality,or abuse.

有药物或酒精滥用史、愤怒问题、饮食失调或犯罪记录的青少年往往是机构机构的主要客户。因此,处于这些环境中的青少年心理学家可能在治疗成瘾、犯罪或虐待方面有进一步的培训和专长。

Private practice is also an option for clinical psychologists that specialize in offering services to adolescents.In this setting,diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders would be the primary focus area.Adolescent psychologists might administer personality or intelligence testing in order to develop a better understanding of the adolescent’s needs.Based upon their findings,a clinical psychologist would then design and implement a treatment program,which,depending on the needs of the child,may include individual,group,or family therapy.The type of therapy will depend as well on the psychologist’s theoretical orientation.In some states,doctor-level psychologists are able to prescribe medication,which might be a duty of a psychologist in private practice.

私人诊所也是专门为青少年提供服务的临床心理学家的一个选择。在这种情况下,精神障碍的诊断和治疗将是主要的重点领域。青少年心理学家可能进行性格或智力测试,以便更好地了解青少年的需求。根据他们的发现,临床心理学家将设计并实施一个治疗方案,根据孩子的需要,可能包括个人、团体或家庭治疗。治疗的类型将取决于心理学家的理论取向。在一些州,医生级别的心理学家可以开处方药,这可能是私人执业心理学家的职责。

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